When buying a solid-fuel heater make sure it has a certificate of compliance to Australian Standard AS/NZS 4013:1999 for smoke emissions.
The current emission limit under the Australian Standard (AS/NZS 4013:1999) for any new wood heater sold is 4 grams of particles for every kilogram of wood burned (i.e. g/kg).
As an average figure non-certified wood heaters emit around 12 g/kg and open fires are by far the most inefficient and emit around 17 g/kg.
The Building Code of Australia also includes provisions for installing wood heating appliances, where a woodheater can only be installed in Tasmania if it complies with AS/NZS 4013 (1999).
Check with your Council before having your wood heater installed as notification is required under Building Regulations.
Make sure your heater and any fittings are installed according to the manufacturer's instructions by a qualified builder.
Ensure the installation is carried out according to relevant Australian Standards. A catalytic converter installed in the heater can further reduce emissions.
Wood-smoke is an environmental nuisance. In 1993, Tasmania introduced the Environment Protection (Domestic Solid Fuel Burning Appliances) Regulations.
These Regulations called up the Australian Standard AS4013 1992, requiring any appliance model-line manufactured, or imported for sale, in the State to hold a certificate demonstrating the emission factor is not greater than 5.5 g of particles per kilogram of wood burnt.
The Environmental Management and Pollution Control (Distributed Atmospheric Emissions) Regulations 2007 incorporate stricter Australian Standards (AS/NZS 4013:1999) of 4g/kg. These regulations prohibit the manufacture or import into Tasmania of wood heaters unless they comply with the AS/NZS 4013: 1999.
A National Plan for Clear Air is being developed by the Standing Council on Environment and Water. Public comment is currently being sort on the Regulatory Impact Statement (RIS) outlining the potential policy approaches available to Government for the substantial management of smoke emissions from wood heaters.