Schedule 2, 3(b), of the Environmental Management and Pollution Control Act 1994, defines waste depots as:
Waste depots: the conduct of depots for the reception, storage, treatment or disposal of waste other than–
(i) temporary storage at the place at which the waste is produced while awaiting transport to another place; or
storage, treatment or disposal of clean fill; or
(ii) storage, treatment or disposal of domestic waste at residential premises; or
(iii) waste transfer stations–
and which are designed to receive, or are likely to receive, 100 tonnes or more of waste per year.
Landfill Sustainability Guide
The EPA regulates the 15 active municipal waste depots (Level 2 landfills) around the state. Best practice environmental standards for landfills in Tasmania are documented in the Landfill Sustainability Guide 2004.
Landfill Sustainability Guide 2004
Local Councils regulate level 1 (less than 100 tonnes of waste per year) facilities and waste transfer stations.
The Landfill Sustainability Guide 2004 provides information to industry, local government and the community on acceptable standards for the siting, design, operation and rehabilitation of landfills. In addition to providing acceptable standards, the Guide also offers recommendations on possible means of achieving those standards.
Particular challenges at all waste depots include the management of hazardous waste, protection of groundwater resources and the management of off-site effects (including leachate, odour, vermin and visual impacts). There are also the challenges of optimising the use of space within each landfill and rehabilitating landfills after their use as a disposal site has ceased. These issues are considered in the Guide.
While the Guide itself is not legally binding, it forms the basis for reviews of permit conditions and assessments of new landfill proposals.
Innovation is encouraged, providing that it has a sound basis in science. Landfill operators therefore have the option to develop a case to justify deviations from the contents of the Guide (subject to approval). Essentially, landfills must be designed and operated so that pollution of the surrounding environment is prevented.
Local Councils regulate the level 1 (less than 100 tonnes of waste per year) facilities and waste transfer stations.
EPA Tasmania regulates a number of inert waste depots accepting over 100 tonnes of waste each year, which typically includes soils, and inert wastes resulting from building and demolition works.
Land Farming Facilities
There is one major landfarm facility processing over 100 tonnes, in Tasmania. It is located adjacent to Port Latta Landfill and processes mainly hydrocarbon contaminated soils.